Epoxy resin systems consist of two parts, an “A” side and a “B” side. “The B-side, also known as a “" hardener "”, is the epoxy curing agent; the curing agent is responsible for reacting with the epoxy groups contained in the A-side of the epoxy resin.”. The reaction of curing agents with epoxy resins results in hard, thermosetting materials. The most notable difference between these two compounds is their intended use.
Epoxy coating resin is designed for surface coating applications, while casting resin is mainly used for jewelry, molds, or figurines. However, we must realize that these two compounds could be used interchangeably, but we will discuss this matter later in the article. The most obvious difference between the two is the intended use. Epoxy resins are designed for coating applications, while casting resins are intended for casting applications such as molds, figurines, jewelry %26.However, that's not to say that either of them works for their opposite intended uses, but rather that we'll talk about that later.
Epoxy and resin adhesives require mixing before use, but epoxy hardens much faster than resin glue. Technically, there is no difference between epoxy glue and epoxy resin. Both are epoxies supplied in two halves that need to be mixed so that they can cure and form a bond. Epoxy is a specific type of two-part resin.
Epoxy resins are the most commonly used type of resin for making crafts and creating resin art. Because they are the easiest to measure and mix, epoxy resins are what I recommend for resin beginners. Epoxy resin systems can be custom-made to fit the unique needs of the project. Manufacturers use a variety of coreactants, including, for example, polyfunctional amines, phenols and alcohols, all of which produce slightly different results.
The type of base epoxy and the additives in the formula can also change the viscosity and intrinsic properties of the resin. Viscosity describes the degree of resistance of a liquid to flow. In the context of epoxy resin formulations, viscosity determines if the material will drip or spread evenly and if it should be poured, dipped, or painted onto the material. Viscosity also affects the amount of epoxy that pierces the substrate and the physical properties that are produced.
Low-viscosity epoxy resin is thin and works well for deep level penetration and filling small cavities. Consistency helps prevent air bubbles, making bonding easier between epoxy and substrate. You can use low-viscosity epoxy resin for encapsulation, sealing and potting. It is less permeable than low-viscosity formulas and offers greater mechanical strength.
The material can withstand moderately high temperatures and is often used for filament winding, vacuum bagging and tools. If you find that the product is full of bubbles on the shelf, then it is best to treat these bubbles before mixing the two parts of the resin. Many have found that epoxy coating resins have better scratch resistance than cast resins. The “cure time” of a resin is the length of time it takes for the resin to form the final product.
Most epoxy coating resins and casting resins used by the average DIY artist are not high heat resistant epoxies. In most cases, you will find that epoxy resins arrive at a finished product that is harder than that produced by a casting resin. However, as we have already seen, casting resins can be mixed in different ways to achieve different results. In turn, viscosity and cure times lead to the need for a thinner pour depth with epoxy than with casting resin.
To prevent this from happening, you'll need to build a frame around your project to keep the resin in place. Epoxy resin is one of the most popular substances for creating durable finishes or molds and pourings. For a casting resin, this means that you can pour a casting resin to a greater depth than an epoxy resin without damaging the bond within the resin. Then polyester resin is also used, but this is particularly used for the marine industry and is not commonly used for epoxy DIY projects.
Therefore, if you pour an epoxy coating resin that is too thick, it could destroy your project, as the heat released can crack your epoxy. Excessive application of the thin casting resin could cause cracking of the epoxy because the curing process will proceed too quickly. However, if you want to use a casting resin to provide a coating, it is much more difficult to do so than with epoxy because low viscosity levels make it easier for the casting resin to run off the sides of your project. .